Qbix and Intercoin were founded to help build web-based online communities, and secure them with crypto, respectively. As our investor presentation explains, once you have a social network, you can roll out a payment network on top of it. But crypto can power a lot more than secure payments; it can also power secure elections, governance, and analytics.
Before blockchain technology, people on the tech team might be able to get into the back-end database and change the data in there, adding or revoking roles. If you have a community of any kind, we developed smart contracts to let your community’s administrators to securely manage its members, roles and permissions.
CommunityContract is a smart contract that provides a standard interface for managing who belongs to a community, and what roles they have. It enforces rules you set about which roles can assign other roles and permissions. Other contracts, such as
VotingContract (elections) and
ControlContract (management) rely on this contract for the above functionality.
CommunityContract supports a hierarchical model, where an
owner can add and remove
admins, who can add and remove
members. However, other roles and permissions can be defined by
owners. In general the interface is below:
addMembers([members]) removeMembers([members]) grantRoles([addresses], [roles]) // to existing addresses revokeRoles([addresses], [roles]) // from existing addresses getRoles([members]) // returns array of arrays containing roles getMembers(role) // role optional, if empty gets all members addressesCount(role) // role optional, if empty counts all members // owners only: createRole(role, displayName) canManage(role1, role2) // add and remove role transferOwnership(address) // invites invitePrepare(sSig, rSig) // posted by relayers iniviteAccept(p, pSig, rp, rpSig) // posted by relayers // optional NFT (ERC721) metadata name() symbol() transfer(...) // reverts, roles can't be unilaterally transferred balanceOf(address) ownerOf(tokenId) tokenURI() setRoleURI() setExtraURI()
Members of the community are represented in a pseudonymous way by their Ethereum wallet addresses, and can themselves be either real users or smart contracts. For example, the
owner of a
CommunityContract can actually be an instance of
ControlContract that is managed, say, by 5 admins together, and any action taken by the owner account would have to be endorsed by at least 3 admins before it takes effect.
Ownership can be transferred to a
ControlContract as described above, or to the
0x0 address, which indicates that there are no more super-users and the community is now being governed “democratically” by its members in whatever roles and rules have been defined!
This is a very general-purpose implementation, that nevertheless implements a basic community that can be used by other smart contracts, either built by us or someone else.
Besides the technology, there are also social, economic and legal aspects to think about when rolling out community currencies and universal basic income. That is what we all discuss in the Intercoin community.